New Publication from Dr. Daniel De Carvalho

Feb 23, 2021

A photo of Dr. Daniel De CarvalhoDr. Daniel De Carvalho MBP scientist Dr. Daniel De Carvalho and a team of research collaborators have published a new Molecular Cell article entitled ‘DNA hypomethylating agents increase activation and cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells’.

This article outlines how his team transformed immune killer T-cells into "super soldiers" by boosting their ability to kill cancer cells.

Article Abstract
'We demonstrate that DNA hypomethylating agent (HMA) treatment can directly modulate the anti-tumor response and effector function of CD8 + T cells. In vivo HMA treatment promotes CD8 + T cell tumor infiltration and suppresses tumor growth via CD8 + T cell-dependent activity. Ex vivo, HMAs enhance primary human CD8 + T cell activation markers, effector cytokine production, and anti-tumor cytolytic activity. Epigenomic and transcriptomic profiling shows that HMAs vastly regulate T cell activation-related transcriptional networks, culminating with over-activation of NFATc1 short isoforms. Mechanistically, demethylation of an intragenic CpG island immediately downstream to the 3′ UTR of the short isoform was associated with antisense transcription and alternative polyadenylation of NFATc1 short isoforms. High-dimensional single-cell mass cytometry analyses reveal a selective effect of HMAs on a subset of human CD8 + T cell subpopulations, increasing both the number and abundance of a granzyme B high, perforin high effector subpopulation. Overall, our findings support the use of HMAs as a therapeutic strategy to boost anti-tumor immune response'.

Read more about this research on the UHN News website.

View the full article on the Molecular Cell website.