New Publication from the Danska Lab
The lab of MBP scientist Dr. Jayne Danska has published a new Cell Reports Medicine article entitled ‘Targeted blockade of immune mechanisms inhibit B precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell invasion of the central nervous system’.
Dr. Sujeetha Rajakumar, a former postdoctoral fellow in the Danska lab, acted as primary author. Dr. Danska and MBP researcher Dr. Mark Minden also contributed to the paper, alongside several other collaborators.
Since the time of authoring this paper, Dr. Rajakumar has moved on and is currently a postdoctoral associate at Duke University in the lab of Dr. Dorothy Sipkins.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) dissemination to the central nervous system (CNS) is a challenging clinical problem whose underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we show that primary human ALL samples injected into the femora of immunodeficient mice migrate to the skull and vertebral bone marrow and provoke bone lesions that enable passage into the subarachnoid space. Treatment of leukemia xenografted mice with a biologic antagonist of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) blocks this entry route. In addition to erosion of cranial and vertebral bone, samples from individuals with B-ALL also penetrate the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier of recipient mice. Co-administration of C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and RANKL antagonists attenuate both identified routes of entry. Our findings suggest that targeted RANKL and CXCR4 pathway inhibitors could attenuate routes of leukemia blast CNS invasion and provide benefit for B-ALL-affected individuals.