Medical Biophysics

New publication from Arrowsmith, De Carvalho and Lupien

May 15, 2019

Graphical Abstract from MBP Research Paper

MBP researchers Dr. Cheryl Arrowsmith, Dr. Daniel De Carvalho and Dr. Mathieu Lupien, alongside a group of collaborators, have released a new article featured in Cancer Cell.

The paper, entitled 'Pervasive H3K27 Acetylation Leads to ERV Expression and a Therapeutic Vulnerability in H3K27M Gliomas' was published on May 13, 2019.

Summary
High-grade gliomas defined by histone 3 K27M driver mutations exhibit global loss of H3K27 trimethylation and reciprocal gain of H3K27 acetylation, respectively shaping repressive and active chromatin landscapes. The research team generated tumor-derived isogenic models bearing this mutation and show that it leads to pervasive H3K27ac deposition across the genome. In turn, active enhancers and promoters are not created de novo and instead reflect the epigenomic landscape of the cell of origin. H3K27ac is enriched at repeat elements, resulting in their increased expression, which in turn can be further amplified by DNA demethylation and histone deacetylase inhibitors providing an exquisite therapeutic vulnerability. These agents may therefore modulate anti-tumor immune responses as a therapeutic modality for this untreatable disease.

Read the full article.

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