- Prepare your talk well in advance. You will be speaking to an audience
which is diverse, both in research specialty and in experience. Plan your
talk to provide an overview of your field showing where your work fits in.
Describe your experimental methods so they are understandable, but not in
excruciating detail. Present current results, discuss them and indicate future
directions. You may have to be selective; don't try to cover too much. Try
to do this in 20 to 25 minutes, leaving 5 to 10 minutes for questions and
- It is natural, even beneficial, to be a bit nervous for a talk. One of
the purposes of the course is to give experience in handling this. One way
to deal with nerves is to be prepared well in advance, and to rehearse, privately
as well as publicly, what you want to say. Often the talks that sound the
most spontaneous are the most carefully prepared. Avoid memorization of everything
you want to say, as forgetting the next sentence will result in increased
nervousness and hence, additional memory lapses. Memorize only the key words.
- Do not read your slides, this is very distracting to the audience, be well
balanced in introduction/motivation and result presentation.Question period
can be a chance to show off but avoid being condescending, patronizing or
aggressive, whatever the tone of the question. Remember, many in the audience
are not expert in your field and sometimes a simple clarification may be
necessary. If you don't know or cannot answer a question, say so. Any relevant
information or speculation around the question may help in this situation,
as long as it is clear that this is speculation.
- SUBMIT YOUR ABSTRACT ON TIME ! The abstract should
be concise, clear and free of jargon. It will be circulated to the
rest of the Department in an E-mailed seminar notice. If your abstract
is not received on time the seminar notice will be sent out without your
abstract, reflecting poorly on you.
- Keep your slides or transparencies simple. Whatever medium you choose,
help your audience understand what is going on: identify axes and units on
graphs, explain the anatomy or geometry involved in images and the significance
of features to which you are referring. Do not include figures if you are
not referring to them.
- Construct your slides with care. Below are some useful recommendations
from the American Association for Cancer Research for preparing effective
FOR COMPUTER GENERATED SLIDES: pay close attention to your color selection. Use a PLAIN background. Textured or "busy" backgrounds are distracting and do not add to your presentation. Make sure your text and lines are in colors that contrast well with your background color. Red and black are not visible on a blue background (even though it may look ok on the computer, the slides will not be legible). Large, bold fonts such as Helvetica or Geneva are easier to read compared to Times or Times Roman. Beware of animation! Avoid a dark background as this reduces the overall brightness in the lecture room.
- Speak clearly and towards the audience. Use notes to
assist you if necessary, but do not read your talk. Even if you think that
you can be heard clearly, we have found it best to use the microphone.
Make sure that you have mastered the lighting, slide projector, pointers
and other technical aspects of the room in advance. Verify with sufficient
time prior to your presentation that the technical aspects including a
pointer is available.
- Remind your supervisor to attend. He/She will introduce you and chair the discussion.
- The most effective slides utilize black lettering on a white background, or white lettering on a blue background.
- All lettering should be horizontal, never vertical.
- Slides should be simple enough to comprehend at a glance. No more than six to eight lines of information should appear on each slide. Using only essential words (rather than full sentences) will reduce the number of lines without any loss of valuable information.
- Each line of text should contain no more than 50 characters, including spaces.
- A title or heading for each slide is recommended as a means of orienting the audience.
- One idea per slide is the most effective form of presentation.
- One minute per slide is a useful time limit; a slide that requires more than a minute for explanation or comprehension is usually too complex.
- If a particular slide is to be used more than once during the presentation, a duplicate should be made and inserted in the proper sequence to avoid confusion or the projection of the wrong slide.
- Lettering and Spacing. Block letters, preferably from bold, gothic typefaces, are preferable to light, roman typefaces or italicized or slanted letters.